Hofstede’s Six Dimensions

The 6 dimensions of National Culture is a study by Professor Geert Hofstede, who defined culture as: “the collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from another”.

So, What Are Those Six Dimensions?

  1. Power Distance (PDI)

This dimension is basically about the differences of any group members according to their power; those who have less power will expect that power is distributed unequally.

  1. Individualism vs. Collectivism (IDV)

Individualism (I) is when individuals takes care of themselves and their own families, while collectivism (We) is when a relatives or society takes care of someone who in return is loyal to them.

  1. Masculinity vs. Femininity (MAS)

This dimension is about the emotional differences between genders. Masculine describes those heroisms and assertive, while feminine describes those with soft, caring and modest site.

  1. Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI)

This dimension expresses how society members are uncomfortable with uncertainty and doubts. Since the future is unknown, it is up to society to choose how to deal with it. Wither to be tolerant and firm with their ideas, or to keep a relaxed attitude.

  1. Long Term Orientation vs. Short Term Normative Orientation (LTO)

Those with long term orientation look towards the future and how to prepare for it. While those with short term normative orientation like to keep the presence simple, and respects their traditions.

  1. Indulgence vs. Restraint (IND)

Indulgence, is for those societies who are open to everyone, while restraint societies who are more strict in their lives.





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